Fiat 500. Photo from Unsplash

How to get a driver’s license in Italy: Part 1

It’s finally over: I passed the written exam, esame di teoria, of the Italian driver’s license. Just typing that down makes me smile.

Typical Italian road sign. Photo from Zoagli, Creative Commons

Now when I see road signs and I begin to recite in my head that this one is posted 150 meters before the crosswalk but the blue one is at the crosswalk, I stop myself. And I grin.

This is a monster of a post, but I wanted to include helpful information for other American expats. Anyway, I get to write a monster post if I want, because this was a beast of an experience. And it’s not over yet…I only have my permit; even though I’ve driven for over a decade, it’s still possible I don’t pass the practice part the first time (it has recently come to my attention that they may quiz me on such things as speed limits of three-wheeled buggies and other vital facts during the driving part).

I’ve mentioned before that if you’re an American with residency in Italy, you need to get an Italian driver’s license to drive. It’s not possible to convert your American one; you must start from square one.

After huffing and puffing over the unfairness of it all and using bikes, trains, buses, and the ragazzo’s car (as passenger of course) for five years, I couldn’t stand not driving any longer. I don’t particularly like or dislike driving; and the thought of driving in Italy is scary—I may never drive in Rome or anywhere south of there. Plus, I love walking. But it has become increasingly clear to me how many wine tastings in the middle of the countryside there are; how many fascinating villages I want to visit that are scattered everywhere; and how I just want to go to the store without lugging back bushels of vegetables that get crushed against my legs.

It was time to get a license. Patente B, to be exact.


Studying for the exam

In August 2015, I bought Patente A e B Multilingue Terza Edizione by Alberto Peluso (€19), the driver’s manual in Italian, English, French, Spanish, Albanian, Arab, and Chinese. In its entirety, I would later discover that this sept-lingual book was actually thinner than just the Italian version, which was not the best sign. On the other hand, seeing the English beside the Italian words helped me learn the vocab (by the way, the test isn’t offered in English).

study book Italian driver's license

I read it throughout September, ignoring the section about parts of the motor, and bought the exam book I Quiz dell’Esame per la Patente di Guida A e B by Antonio Messina (€16) in which every possible question is listed (over 7,000; nothing about motor parts—good thing I didn’t waste time). I just started going through it. 45 minutes to an hour every day, 6 days a week (minus things like Christmas vacation) until around February. I hated it, but for some sadistic reason I kept telling myself I was committed.

Quiz book for Italian driver's license

The exam book came with super helpful software. Of course, 2015 had turned into 2016 by then, and who knew how many rules had changed because Italian bureaucracy is made of rules. I figured they couldn’t change 7,000, so just kept plugging along with my book, which had become my frenemy. I couldn’t replace it with a new one!

The software simulates the 40-question exam and you may pass with up to four incorrect answers. My advice? Do it until you average 39, and take notes. Then I began the process of scheduling my exam, because of course, it is a process.

How long I studied, excluding vacations: est. 5 months, 45 min to 1 hr a day, 6 days a week. Exaggerated? I don’t know. I just knew I didn’t want to fail.
State of Mind: annoyed, frustrated, then eventually encouraged as I began remembering things


How to schedule the written exam

For the aspiring driver in Italy—technical, detailed, useful

Rub your belly clockwise while patting your head and singing Ave Maria. Then, go to the local DMV for info (note: this post relates to Turin’s Dipartimento della Motorizzazione and reflects that I chose to do this privately, not through an autoscuola, which costs like €500). The info they give you will be 10 years out of date, but they won’t tell you that; for this information, go to a local autoscuola. Make friends with them, because they’ll help you get your packet together; plus you have to go through an autoscuola for driving lessons.

The packet

You need the packet (Italians, in my experience, are fond of packets composed of many different documents), which includes: the form they give you, 3 pictures for the license, receipts from various payments that I never understood the purpose of, a medical certificate; plus a photocopy of your carta d’identità and your permesso. Don’t get angry at me if they change this; be sure to check with the DMV ask your local autoscuola.

  • Med. certificate: Get one from your family doctor, which doesn’t count but is indispensable (you think this is tongue-in-cheek, don’t you? ha). Take this form to the driving school, pay €60 for their doctor to check your eyesight.
  • Receipts: The mysterious receipts. Fill in the amount you have to pay down (for the record, it should be €16, €16, and €26.40) and you pay at the post office.

Double-check everything with your friends at the autoscuola, and then head to the DMV.

What to do

At this point, packet in hand, you can “sign up” in order to return in no sooner than a month to make an appointment for the exam. Return in a month. Make said appointment. Return for the exam. If you pass, return yet again no sooner than 5 days hence to pick up your permit, the foglia rosa (pink slip).

Number of trips to the DMV total: 5.
State of mind: Calm and collected. I checked all the boxes and know that dealing with Italian bureaucracy only requires two things: patience and persistence. You’d do well to remember that, young grasshopper.


Exam Day

I woke up at 6:30 for my 9:30 exam to study before breakfast and to make sure I caught the bus that passed by only twice an hour. I tried not to think that the night before, I had quizzed myself until my eyes bled and did not get a single 40. Eep! Shh. Don’t think.

When I arrived at the DMV, I put on a gas mask to pass through the crowd of people nervously smoking outside the exam room. The first exam was 30+ minutes late so I sat out there a nervous wreck; but I was happy to see the room wasn’t full of 18-year-olds, but a healthy mix of ages. This was also when I saw the book everyone else had studied, which was considerably more in-depth. Too late now.

Finally, the first exam takers exited; we waited with them for the results, which they received cheering or dying, an agony to watch. Then they began calling us in one. By. One. It was this small woman who whispered from the far end of the computer-filled room, and each person took several minutes to get individual instructions. I was the very last one to enter (Z last name).

After she whispered further instructions to us all, I started to feel better because the exam was exactly like the million simulations I did. Familiarity breeds, in this case, confidence (also contempt, so much contempt for those quizzes). And, notwithstanding the distraction of a girl sitting across from me who was the only one out of 50 people to make despairing comments every 30 seconds (whisper-woman got onto her constantly because you couldn’t talk, but the girl kept going), I finished in four minutes!

snow white

I checked it over twice, spotted two mistakes because I read the Italian incorrectly, then left. The rest of the 30 minutes is a haze; I have no idea what I did while waiting. Either committed a crime or read my Kindle, I guess.

Then, around 11:30 that morning the woman whispered to me that I passed and the rest of April has been a beautiful, perfect, sunny month! I’ll know miracles exist if I don’t need to relearn parallel parking. At least I can already drive a manual transmission.

Number of hours I felt like (insert emotions below): 5 hours
State of mind: The whole range, in this order: anxious, despairing, exasperated, nervous, elated! Then I was exhausted for the rest of the day. Emotions are hard, people.


What’s next? The practical exam. To see how to pass it, check out this post: How to get a driver’s license in Italy, Part 2

21 thoughts on “How to get a driver’s license in Italy: Part 1

  1. Congratulations! You have the patience of Job – I don’t think I ever would!

    Now that I’ve discovered your blog, I look forward to reading of your adventures in Piemonte, also the region in which a dear friend lives (Lisa Chiodo of Renovating Italy).

    Ciao from New York City!


  2. You’ll pass the next part of the exam with flying colors I’m sure. Why do I know that? Because, of course, I taught you how to drive that stick shift 🙂


  3. Now that there’s an article in English making the procedure clear I may just stop putting off the arduous task of getting a driver’s licence here. I love walking and public transport but when it comes to visiting remote villages in the mountains or the countryside, a car really is the only viable way of getting from A to B. Congratulations and looking forward to reading Part 2!


    1. When I wanted to take the exam, I couldn’t find any recent blog posts that detailed the process. I wanted to read about someone else’s experience, compare it with my own, and confirm that I wasn’t missing anything (though I will always emphasize the importance of checking things at the autoscuola). And also just feel a bit of solidarity!

      When you do begin, let me know 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Diana, nice job on getting your license. I will likely be in those shoes in the next year or so. My wife and I will be moving to Italy after she retires from the university here. So I do appreciate reading about your experience and how to prepare for the tests. Since I do not yet speak Italian , nor read it, (these I am working on) this seems like a BIG challenge. But that is what makes it fun. Where do you get the Patente A e B Multilingue Terza Edizione by Alberto Peluso? Is it only available locally?

    I enjoy reading your web, and look forward to more posts.

    PS. You mentioned above about the dearth of blogs about getting a license, here is another one I found while looking.


    1. You might be able to find the book on

      Thanks for sharing that link! I’ve happily finished the ordeal of getting a license, but the other posts look like interesting reads.

      Good luck with the move to Italy and preparing for your driving test!


  5. I have been putting of getting an italian license (my australian one cannot be exchanged).
    Anyway after 4 years of living here i finally did it.
    For 2 months i studied intensively..never missed a day of driving school. I think in the last month i spent 6 hours a day studying and doing practise quizzes.
    This was incredible difficult since i am very career focused and have a hectic work schedule.
    Anyway the good news is that i passed my theory exam this week.
    I know its very difficult but i think if you dedicate yourself the way i did you can definitely pass….
    And yes i understand about the nerves…i too was a nervous wreck!


  6. I live in Milano and i’m also taking my drivers licence. Im only on the theory part though, something you wrote made me wonder, you said that the exam you took was exactly like the mock ones that you had done loads off. i have an app (paid ) by my autoscoula and that has 3 sections quiz (easy) fac-simile and quiz (difficult) i have passed most of the fac-silime that i took, so i decided to go to the autoscoula to do thier mock exam (because they have a reputation to uphold and dont want to send any idiot) i took it 3 times and failed 3 times which just doesnt make sense ! based on the app i bought (from them) Im not passing the difficult quiz much but the facsimile i can pass easily.
    wonder if they are messing somehow ? hows can someone be passing these fac-simile but nit the difficult quiz, it seems as if the difficult quiz and fac=simile questions have been put on the wrong pages ?


  7. I was recently able to pass this test in Ascoli Piceno despite my minimal Italian. I wound up using an AutoScuola because the classes worked well as a forcing function for study. Moreover, the book they provides and the course materials (online and in class) were quite good (wth pictures, not just words). I prepared for the test by answering all 7000 questions in the course book, and then doing lots of simulated practice tests. By the time I took the test, I had seen almost all the questions! However, the total cost of the school/tests will be about EUR600 once the driving instruction (practica) is factored in.


  8. We at all your license need,we are timely deliverers of license saying your time and help you easy clearing out the tests. #patente di guida, #ufficio patente di guida,Patente di guida maschile#Appuntamento patente italiana#patente di guida#Patente di guida italiana#Rinnovo patente italiana#requisiti per la patente di guida#rinnovo della patente di guida
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